World Heritage UK 2022 Annual Conference
Celebrating 50 years of the World Heritage Convention, and looking ahead to the next 50. Monday 3rd & Tuesday 4th…Read more
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The four castles of Beaumaris, Conwy, Caernarfon, Harlech and the attendant fortified towns at Conwy and Caernarfon in Gwynedd, North Wales, are the finest examples of late 13th century and early 14th century military architecture in Europe, as demonstrated through their completeness, pristine state, evidence for organized domestic space, and extraordinary repertory of their medieval architectural form.
The castles as a stylistically coherent group are a supreme example of medieval military architecture designed and directed by James of St George (c. 1230-1309), King Edward I of England’s chief architect, and the greatest military architect of the age.
The extensive and detailed contemporary technical, social, and economic documentation of the castles, and the survival of adjacent fortified towns at Caernarfon and Conwy, makes them one of the major references of medieval history.Official website
At its peak, there were 15,000 men working in the slate industry
Over 70% of the population of Gwynedd’s slate communities speak Welsh
The longest dispute in British industrial history occurred at Penrhyn Quarry, Bethesda during the Great Strike of 1900-1903
It is estimated that Gwynedd’s slate industry exported enough slate between 1800-1940 to roof approximately 14 million terraced houses
Location: Gwynedd, North Wales
Country: United Kingdom
Year of Inscription: 1986
UNESCO Criteria: (i), (iii), (iv)
For more information about Gwynedd Castles and Town Walls of King Edward, visit the website or contact visitor information on +44 (0) 333 006 3001